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雅思口语如何答题才能让考官“动心”

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nszpzcamsu 发表于 2020-11-20 13:47:00 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
nszpzcamsu
2020-11-20 13:47:00 838 0 看全部
  雅思口语评分标准在于:流利度和连贯性,语法,词汇,发音。
  西方人说话之所以能够脱口而出、条理清晰,是因为他们在表达时都会事先在头脑中形成大致的一个逻辑框架,即对开头、中间和结尾进行规划。如果考生们能以这样的思维方式和逻辑与考官的思想达成共识,离高分也就近了一步。
  所以我们首先要解决的就是要develop your answer——即构建你的口语逻辑框架,使流利度和连贯性有所发挥,就如写作写提纲一样,口语也要构思你的框架。
  不要无头无脑地去记那些杂乱无章的口语框架,大家一定要懂得给雅思口语题划分类别。
  下面给大家讲解一下某些类别的口语框架,大家可以参考这样的逻辑思路构建自己的口语框架:
  Part 1类题目
  题目:Like it and not like it
  What is your major?
  Why did you choose this major?
  Do you like it and why?
  这是Part 1 一定会被问到的问题。你很容易就回答了what这个问题,对于后面的why和Like it and not like it,很多考生会无从下手,记住大家可以从以下三个方面来回答:
  框架
  1) Interest. (internal factor)
  I have huge interest in ….since I was a little kid.(—Maybe in my six years old.)
  括号里面这种你可说可不说,不过可以帮你争取更多的时间来想拓展的内容。
  2) Expectation from others (external factor)
  Being encouraged/motivated by (eg. Parents or grandparents) since I was a little kid.(—Maybe in my six years old.)
  3) Profitability 表达你的专业是有前途性,能找到很好的工作。
  Another reason maybe a bit realistic, you know.  It is profitable/ promising/ lucrative.
  这样你就拥有了回答这个问题的框架,能保证你的答--案有一定的长度和内容,形成了句群和段落,然后你就要思考回答内部逻辑和关系的问题,要用一些怎样的连接词使得自己的答--案让人听起来顺畅和舒服呢?
  词汇补充:大家都知道大多数西方人说很简单的英语而回避一些口语里的大词。所以,我们的问题不在于你知道的难词、大词有多少,而在于能否用多种方式的简单生活化的口语表达你想表达的概念。
  词汇
  涉及到几方面,你就需要一些链接词来组织语言:
  to begin/start with
  besides
  in addition
  most important
  last but not the least
  anyway
  Like/love/prefer/enjoy等这些是比较简单和基础的表达:
  例如:你的答--案是说你很喜欢自己的专业,那么喜欢能有多少种方式表达呢?
  I’m very much into
  I’m crazy about
  I’m fond of
  I’m keen on
  I’m fascinated by/about
  I really dig into…
  填充了内容和词汇后就要轮到语法了:
  要尽量避免一些中国学生最容易犯的低级错误:he/she混用,时态错误,单复数错误,以及主谓一致错误等。要避免这些错误不只是要从文字方面弄清楚,更重要的是要通过大量的口语练习把正确的内容练习成为条件反射。
  中国学生在时态方面要特别注意过去式,因为雅思口语试题中有涉及到考查学生的时态理解,尤其是第二部分描述很多情况下都要用过去式,所以要注意答--案的时态统一,不能时态混用。当然,过去完成时和过去完成进行时能得到应用的话也会对你的答--案起到加分作用。
  语法
  where is your hometown?
  Where do you come from?
  Where are you from?
  与其说成my hometown is xin jiang.不如说成 you know, I am a xin jiang local, I have been living in xin jiang for more than 15 years(或者since I was born)。这样就可以构建自己的口语框架。
  最后就刚开始的那个话题,给大家分享一个完整的答--案。
  答--案
  I like it primarily/mainly/chiefly/principally because I’m very much into the stuff taught in class. Besides/Plus my parents have kept in encouraging me to study it hard since I was a little kid. In addition, Another reason maybe a bit realistic,  you know that is bound to bring me much income in the future. (Finally/Lastly…) That is exactly/precisely why I like my major.
  可以看到这个答--案就符合了内容充实性和连贯性,词汇的丰富性,语法的正确性等雅思评分必备条件。
  Part 2类题目
  Part 2类题目第二部分描述要特别注意移花接木,也就是用一个准备好的核心段落来演绎很多不同的话题。要特别注意归类总结,哪些问题可以用到同一核心段落(只需要进行改写即可套用),哪些要单独准备。大家可以把大致50道题进行分类,这样你需要准备的段落可能就只有20个左右了。
  比如:你准备好了一个描述一个老人的段落,那么很多话题都可以套用了:你最尊敬的人,对你影响最深的人,一个成功的人,一张照片(可以是你和他一起照的),一个礼物等都可以加以灵活的套用,套用时尤其注意不要跑题,找准回答的重点,紧扣题目。
  其实Part 2的框架特别好构建,因为我们有个topic 本子,每个话题下面都有一些小问题,你只要根据这些小问题进行回答,再加上连接过渡性的词汇即可。
  我们来看一个例子:
  尊敬的长辈+最亲近的家人 我的爷爷+最亲近的家人
  Describe an old person you respectYou should say:
  Who he/she is
  How you know this person
  What kinds of things you like to do together
  and explain how you feel about this person
  When it comes to the one I respect the most, I’d like to talk about my dear grandfather, a seventy - year - old man.
  To be honest, I don't remember when I knew him, probably the moment when I was born. But I know a lot about him indeed. My grandpa has a very kind smile which always gives me great comfort and encouragement especially when I am depressed. my grandfather teaches me a lot. He often tells me to be brave and dare to bear the responsibility.
  In terms of what we'd like to do together, I think it is to turn “waste” into wealth. My grandpa can always find a suitable place for the “junk”. He often teaches me how to give in and put the “junk” in its suitable place. My grandpa has helped me to develop a habit of preserving everything, everything he thinks is useful, everything goes where it should go. Surprisingly, all these “junk” can always find their position and function fairly well, holding small things or optimizing my bicycle so that it can operate better……
  And another thing is that my grandpa always sits next to me and tells a lot of interesting stories. It seems he always has many stories attracting me. So we are more like a pair of good friends. This is my grandfather, the one I respect the most. I love him.
  你只要根据每一个小问题来回答即可,part 2的框架就构建好了,根据个人经验,当涉及到新的一方面东西时,西方人说话很喜欢用as for. When it comes to, for ,in terms of等这些。大家可以在切换不同小问题之间,用这些简单连接词进行过渡。
  Part 3类题目
  Part 3类题目第三部分的话题与第二部分有紧密联系,发散性和议论性都很大。但是一定要知道答题的一个规律和模式,Part3 是就Part2的topic深入探讨,一般都会问你一些社会性的大问题,你的回答一定是先总后分(先总体后个人),千万别用I think之类的表达个人意见。应该先总的说大家都公认的都有哪几点,然后分点说,因为part 3考官就是要你发表自己的看法,不能一两句就说完了,这个跟part 1还是有区别的。
  例子,构建框架
  What kind of activities do old people like to do these days? 先总的说一些,有很多种活动,再分类别一一说明,附带一些举例,先总后分。
  As for the activities the old are keen on, there are a variety of entertainments(总的概括来一句).
  分点说明:
  What I want to mention firstly is doing the morning exercises and taking a walk after dinner. You know, the square dancing is so hot now. Almost every women and men of the age between 40 to 60 years old enjoy it. Secondly, old people tend to travelling. It is well-known that they have already retired, so they can take advantage of the time to travel to different places. Talking about my grandpa, he travels a great deal as did most of his friends, knowing more about each local conditions and customs, to enrich himself.
  大家要是还有就往后添加。
  Practice makes perfect!北京新东方雅思老师建议口语重在练习,没有太多的技巧可言,只要能持之以恒,就能取得较大的进步,对雅思整体分数的提高会有出其不意的效果。
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